The brakes as we all are aware that it is used to stop a car but have you ever given a thought that how does a braking system work?

When a driver applies a brake between the tires and the road the force transmitted by the brake slows down the friction and the vehicle stops. In any vehicle, the breaks play a major role as without a break you cannot drive any vehicle. 

The brakes

There are basically two types of brake that are disc brake and drum brake. The disk brake is used to stop the motion of the wheels of the vehicle. The cast iron is used to prepare the disc but in some instances carbon-carbon and ceramic –matrix composite are also used. 

The other form of the brake is a drum brake in which a set of shoes or pads causes friction by rotating against a drum-shaped spinning part. These are the two basic types of brake which are used in most of the vehicles. 

The braking systems

The given brake system guide can help you to know the different types of brakes and how they work. 

  • Mechanical breaks 

The mechanical breaks are mostly designed for emergency brake or a hand brake. In this type of system, various mechanical linkages such as fulcrum, cylindrical rods, etc are used to let the brake force reach the disk rotor or the brake drum. 

  • Hydraulic braking system

The hydraulic brake system basically works on the brake fluid, friction, and cylinder. With this system, the braking fluid is used to transfer pressure to the pads from the brake pedal. When compared to the mechanical brake the hydraulic brake generates higher force to stop the vehicle. 

The hydraulic braking system is used in most modern vehicles as there are very fewer chances of any type of brake failure. Between the brake disc and the actuator, there is a direct connection that lowers the chance of brake failure. 

  • Electromagnetic braking system 

In this type of system, there is frictionless braking by using the electromagnetism principle. The traditional braking systems are quite possibly prone to accidents but when you have an electromagnetic system you are safe from accidents because of the magnetic brakes. It works well in trams and trains. 

  • Air brakes 

An air compressor, safety valves, air reserve tank, and more are the components used in air brakes. Its mechanism is similar to that of the hydraulic brakes but the only difference is the force is transmitted through air pressure to the wheels of the vehicle and not by the fluid pressure. 

For the usage of any vehicle, the brakes are the major part and you can find the best brakes on to give your vehicle a long-term life. 

Break system should not be too weak to cause accidents or too strong that can to give damaging effects on the sudden application of the break. For example, the passenger on a bus can hit the front seat if the breaks are too strong and thus for any vehicle the breaks should be efficient to work in different conditions.


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